If you are planning on visiting Vietnam in the near future, you will need to be aware of the Vietnam entrance requirements before planning your travel. If you do not meet the passport, VISA, or immunization requirements, you could be denied entry into the country. I would not leave this planning to the last minute as you may be left without enough time to rectify any issues.
To assist you in making sure you meet the necessary entrance requirements for Vietnam, I have provided an outline of all the entrance requirements in this article. Furthermore, I also created a handy checklist that I linked to below that you can use to track the requirements as you meet them.
Vietnam Passport Requirements
One of the most important of the Vietnam entrance requirements that you will need to consider when planning your trip is the country’s passport requirements. In order to be allowed into Vietnam, not only will your passport need to be valid, but it will need to be valid for at least 6-months after your date of arrival. So, if your passport is set to expire within 6-months of your arrival date, you will need to renew your passport before you travel to Vietnam.
|Passport Validity||Blank Pages Required|
|At least 6-months beyond arrival date.||One visa page required for entry stamp.|
Vietnam VISA Requirements
Depending on your nationality, you may be required to apply for a VISA prior to traveling to Vietnam. If you are a citizen of one of the VISA exempt countries listed below, you will not need to apply for a VISA prior to travel. However, if the country you are from is not on this list, you will need to apply for an eVISA from the Vietnam Immigration Department website.
IMPORTANT NOTE: When you apply for your eVISA, you will need to have a scanned picture of your passport image page and a passport photo. There are certain requirements for the passport and passport photo images, so make sure you read the latest instructions carefully.
COUNTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR 14-DAY VISA EXEMPTION
COUNTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR 21-DAY VISA EXEMPTION
- The Philippines
COUNTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR 30-DAY VISA EXEMPTION
COUNTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR 45-DAY VISA EXEMPTION
- South Korea
- United Kingdom
COUNTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR 90-DAY VISA EXEMPTION
VIETNAM VISA RESOURCES
Please note, applying for a VISA can often times be a confusing experience. If you would like some assistance applying for your eVISA, I have included links to some resources for you to use below.
- Official Guide to VISAs for Vietnam
- Vietnam Immigration Department eVISA Frequently Asked Questions
- Vietnam VISA Advice Facebook Group
Vietnam Immunization Requirements
Important Note: I am not a medical doctor and do not have any medical experience. The information provided in this section is a summary of information that I got from the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States for travel to Vietnam. I am providing you this information to help bring awareness of the necessary vaccinations to you, but consultation of my guide should not replace a discussion about your travels with your doctor or a travel medical clinic.
One of the most important, and yet most often overlooked, aspects of travel is the necessary vaccinations that are required or recommended to keep you safe and healthy when you travel. Before you depart for Vietnam, you are going to want to make sure that you have all of the proper vaccinations.
Some of these vaccinations, like the Yellow Fever vaccination, are included in the Vietnam entrance requirements if you are travelling to Vietnam from certain high-risk locations. Other vaccinations, such as a flu shot and the Rabies vaccine, are recommended, but not required. For your convenience, I have summarized the CDC’s recommendations on vaccines and healthcare for travelers visiting Vietnam for you to review below.
Recommended Travel Vaccinations for Vietnam
There are a number of vaccinations that the CDC recommends that you get before traveling to Vietnam, which I have outlined for you below. If you are traveling to Vietnam from a destination where Yellow Fever is common, even if it is only a long layover, then you will be required to show proof of vaccination before you will be allowed into the country. The other vaccinations on this list are not in the Vietnam entrance requirements, but they are strongly recommended.
|Vaccine||How Disease Spreads||Details|
|Hepatitis A||Food & Water||Recommended for most travelers|
|Hepatitis B||Blood & Body Fluids||Accelerated schedule available|
|Yellow Fever||Thru the bite of infected mosquitoes.||If you are going to be traveling from a country where Yellow Fever is endemic, even if it is only for a layover twelve hours or more, you will need to receive a Yellow Fever vaccination and have certification of that vaccination before you will be allowed into Vietnam.|
|Rabies||The saliva of infected animals. Bites or licks on open wounds are the most common vector.||Requires three shots over 21-28 days|
|Typhoid||From food and water you handle or ingest.||Recommended for most travelers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas.|
|COVID-19||From being around or coming into contact with someone who is sick.||Depending on Vaccine brand, will require one or two shots over multiple weeks. Everyone 16 years of age and older should get fully vaccinated for COVID-19 before travel.|
|Measles||Various vectors.||Infants 6 to 11 months old traveling internationally should get 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before travel. This dose does not count as part of the routine childhood vaccination series.|
|Japanese Encephalitis||Contracted from mosquito bites.||CDC recommends vaccination for travelers who are moving to the area, spending more than a month in the area, or traveling to areas with Japanese encephalitis. Consider vaccination if you will be doing activities that increase risk of infection, such as visiting rural areas, hiking or camping, or staying in places without air conditioning, screens, or bed nets.|
|Malaria||Contracted from mosquito bites.||CDC recommends that travelers going to certain areas of Vietnam take prescription medicine to prevent malaria. Depending on the medicine you take, you will need to start taking this medicine multiple days before your trip, as well as during and after your trip. Talk to your doctor about which malaria medication you should take.|
|Rabies Vaccination for Travel – Why I think All Travelers Should Consider It|
Routine Vaccinations for Vietnam
In addition, the vaccinations that are recommended for travel to Vietnam specifically, there are other routine vaccinations that you should make sure that you are current on before traveling anywhere in this world. For an overview of the routine vaccinations recommended by the CDC, please review the chart that I have included below.
|Disease Name||How Disease Spreads||Advice|
|Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR)||Various Vectors||Given to anyone unvaccinated and/or born after 1957. One time adult booster recommended|
|TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis)||Thru open wounds & airborne transmission||Only one adult booster of pertussis required|
|Chickenpox||Direct contact with infected individuals & airborne transmission||Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox|
|Shingles||Direct contact with infected individuals||Vaccine can still be given if you have had shingles.|
|Pneumonia||Airborne transmission||Two vaccines given separately. All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive both|
|Influenza||airborne transmission||Vaccine components change annually|
|Meningitis||Direct contact with infected individuals & airborne transmission||Given to anyone unvaccinated or at an increased risk, especially students|
|Polio||Thru contaminated food and water||Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries. Single adult booster recommended|
Non-Vaccine Preventable Diseases
In addition to the recommended vaccinations, there are other health precautions that you should take when traveling to Vietnam to avoid getting sick. While these health precautions aren’t on the list of Vietnam entrance requirements, they are important measures that you can take to make sure you don’t get ill while traveling.
aVOID CONTAMINATED WATER
When traveling, one of the easiest ways to get sick is to come into contact with contaminated water. There are a number of illnesses that are found in Vietnam that can be spread by either drinking or swimming in contaminated water. Before you depart for your trip, you will want to be aware of the illnesses below. To avoid getting sick, make sure you stick to drinking bottled water and avoid swimming in stagnant pools.
|Disease Name||How Disease Spreads||Advice|
|Leptospirosis||Touching fluids of infected animal or drinking or swimming in contaminated water.||Avoid contaminated water and soil|
|Schistosomiasis||Wading, swimming, bathing, or washing in contaminated freshwater streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, or untreated pools.||Avoid contaminated water and soil|
AVOID BUG BITES
Another easy way to get sick while traveling is to be bitten by bugs that carry illnesses. The most common insect that spreads diseases to humans is the mosquito, but ticks and flies can also spread serious illnesses thru their bites. To make sure you don’t fall ill from an insect bite while in Vietnam, I would recommend bringing insect repellent and mosquito netting with you when you visit and avoid getting bitten by bugs as much as possible.
|Disease Name||How Disease Spreads||Advice|
|Chikungunya||Mosquito bite||Avoid Bug Bites|
|Dengue||Mosquito bite||Avoid Bug Bites|
|Zika||Mosquito bite or pregnant woman spreading to her unborn baby.||Avoid Bug Bites|
be aware of airborne AND droplet illnesses
Out of all the ways that illnesses can be spread, the diseases that are airborne are the hardest to protect yourself against. After all, you don’t have to physically touch or be touched by an infected person or animal and there isn’t a repellant that you can spray on to avoid catching these illnesses.
This is why it is always important to be observant of those with whom you interact while traveling and make sure you don’t expose yourself to potentially harmful airborne illnesses. According to the CDC, the particular airborne illnesses that you should be aware of while traveling to Vietnam are as follows:
|Disease Name||How Disease Spreads||Advice|
|Avian/Bird Flu||Being around, touching, or working with infected poultry, in such places as live-animal markets.||Avoid domestic and wild poultry.|
|Hantavirus||Coming into contact with bodily fluids or droppings of infected rodents, being biten by an infected rodent, or less commonly from coming into contact with someone else who is infected||Avoid rodents and people who look sick|
|Tuberculosis (TB)||Breathing in the air from an infected individual (via cough, speaking, etc..)||Avoid people who look sick|
Vietnam COVID-19 Entrance Requirements
On May 15, 2022 all of the COVID-19 travel restrictions for entry into Vietnam were lifted. While it is still recommended that you get the COVID-19 vaccination prior to travel, neither the vaccination or pre-travel testing is now required to visit the country.
|Have a Back-up Plan for your Travel Plan|
Vietnam Customs Restrictions
When traveling to Vietnam, it is important to understand what types of items that you are free to bring into the country and which items you will be charged or prohibited from bringing in. According to the VISAHQ.com, website, the following items are considered free-import items, but with limits (as described below).
- 400 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 50g of tobacco.
- 1.5 liters of spirits, 2 liters of alcohol containing up to 22% volume of alcohol, or 3 liters of beer (or similar light alcoholic beverages).
- 3Kg of coffee.
- 5Kg of tea.
- Non-commercial number of gifts and unused items of up to the value of VND 5,000,000.
- Items for personal use (clothing, toiletries etc…).
Before you will be allowed into Vietnam, you will also need to clear customs to be sure you aren’t carrying any prohibited items with you. For instance, travelers are strictly prohibited from being the following items into Vietnam:
- Counterfeit items.
- Cultural artefacts and other objects of cultural importance.
- Explosive material.
In addition to these prohibited items, the government of Vietnam has placed limits on the quantity of other items that can be brought into the country. If you plan to travel with any of the following items when visiting Vietnam, you will want to plan accordingly so that you do not violate the Vietnam entrance requirements:
- Live animals (Pets) – health certificate required along with complete and valid inoculations. Contact nearest embassy to obtain permission.
- Endangered species and any products or parts thereof as outlined by CITES maybe be brought in only with CITES permission.
Vietnam Currency Restrictions
The final aspect of the Vietnam entrance requirements that you will want to make sure you comply with when traveling to Vietnam is the amount of currency you plan on bringing to the country. When visiting Vietnam, like all countries, you can’t just bring any amount of currency that you want into the country or leave with any amount of currency when visiting. According to the US State Department website, the government of Vietnam has the following currency limits and regulations in place:
- No currency restrictions for entry into Vietnam. However, Vietnamese Dong in excess of VND 150,000,000 or foreign currency in excess of 5,000 U.S. dollars or equivalent must be declared.
- No currency restrictions when leaving Vietnam. However, Vietnamese Dong in excess of VND 150,000,000 or foreign currency in excess of 5,000 U.S. dollars or equivalent must be declared.